What Parties are Involved When Buying a House?

William Huston, AIF®, AIFA®

William Huston, AIF®, AIFA®

What Parties are Involved When Buying a House?

real estate agent and client concluding a purchase

As a first time home buyer, you're probably wondering who are the key people that you'll deal with in the home buying process, aside from your real estate agent. This guide will introduce you to the main parties involved in a house transaction, their roles and how they collaborate to facilitate the purchase of a property.

By familiarizing yourself with key players like mortgage lenders, home inspectors and title companies, you will be better prepared to navigate the complex process of buying a house and make informed decisions along the way.

Key Takeaways
  • As a first time home buyer, it is important that you familiarize yourself with the key players involved in the home buying process for a smooth and successful transaction
  • The parties involved when buying a house include: A real estate agent, mortgage lender, listing agent, homeowners insurance company, title company, appraiser, home inspector, real estate lawyer, tax advisor and rotary signing agent
  • Working with a qualified real estate agent and financial advisor will ease the home buying process as they will provide you with valuable information that you need in this process

The contents of this article are for educational purposes only. They are not intended to be a source of professional financial advice. You will find experts on financial planning, financial management, and real estate here. More on disclaimers here.

The Parties Involved When Buying a House

One or most of these parties play a role in the purchase chain of residential real estate properties.

1. Real Estate Agent

real estate agent with client and his family

One of the most important people that you'll work with when buying a house is your real estate agent also commonly referred to as a buyers agent. Your real estate agent will act as your guide and advocate for you throughout the entire buying process.

They usually possess extensive knowledge of the local market, trends and neighborhoods and they will be a key person in helping you find your dream home based on your preferences and budget.

Your agent will be the one to schedule and accompany you on property viewings and answer all of your questions. When you find a house you're interested in, your agent will help with the negotiation process and work on your behalf to secure the best possible price and terms, closing costs included. They will also assist with contract preparation, to ensure that all legal and financial aspects are properly addressed.

Your agent can also be a useful resource when it comes to recommending trusted professionals such as a home inspector, mortgage lender and real estate attorney, who play equally important roles in the transaction.

Having a skilled and experienced real estate agent by your side can make the home buying process more efficient, less stressful and increase the likelihood of a successful purchase. If you would like to work with a qualified real estate agent to help you find the home of your dreams, then get in touch with Ila here .

2. The Mortgage Lender

When it comes to the mortgage process, there are two main parties involved:

(a). The Mortgagor

The mortgagor is you, the buyer. For many people, buying a home using cash only is not usually a viable option due to the high cost.

When you decide to buy a home, one of the first things that you'll need to do is to identify a bank, credit union or a lending institution that can give you a mortgage loan. Where possible, it is highly advised that you have your down payment for the house set aside and then you borrow the remainder of the amount.

Before you apply for a mortgage, ensure that you have a good credit score and that your finances are in order.

(b). The Mortgagee

The mortgagee is the lender. This is the financial institution that is responsible for providing you with the necessary funds to complete the transaction. The mortgagee will evaluate your financial situation, including your income, credit history and debt-to-income ratio, to determine your eligibility for a loan and the maximum amount you can borrow.

Mortgage lenders offer different loan programs and interest rates, and so it's important to look around and compare options to secure the most favorable terms. Once you select a lender and are pre-approved for a loan, they will guide you through the application and underwriting process.

3. Listing Agent

Similar to how the buyer's agent represents the buyer and their interests, the listing agent represents the seller and is responsible for marketing the property and finding potential buyers. As a home buyer, you might never get to meet the listing agent.

When you are interested in a specific house, the listing agent becomes a key point of contact for gathering information and scheduling property viewings. While you can work directly with the listing agent, it's generally recommended that you have your own buyer's agent who will exclusively represent your interests during the transaction.

4. Homeowners Insurance Company

In your lifetime, your home will probably be among your most valued assets. It is therefore crucial that you find the best insurance company to work with to help you insure your investment property.

Homeowners insurance provides financial protection in the event of damage to the property or personal belongings due to things like fire, theft or natural disasters. Before closing on a house, lenders typically require buyers to secure homeowners insurance.

The insurance company evaluates the property's risks and provides coverage options based on factors like location, construction type and the value of the home. It is important to research and select a reputable homeowners insurance company that offers suitable coverage and competitive rates. Before you settle on one company, be sure to get several quotes from a number of companies first.

5. Title Company

The role of the title company is to ensure that the property being sold has a clear and marketable title, free from any liens or claims. They conduct a title search to review the property's history of ownership and verify that there are no legal issues or outstanding debts associated with it.

The title company also handles the title insurance, which protects the buyer and lender from any unforeseen title defects that may arise after the purchase. They work to resolve any issues found during the title search and provide a title insurance policy that protects the buyer's ownership rights.

Additionally, the title company facilitates the closing process by preparing the necessary documents and ensuring that all funds are properly distributed. Having a reliable title company is crucial to ensure a smooth and legally sound transfer of property ownership.

6. Appraiser

The work of an appraiser is to determine the fair market value of the property being purchased. Lenders typically require an appraisal to ensure that the property's value aligns with the loan amount.

The appraiser conducts a thorough evaluation of the property, considering factors such as its size, condition, location, comparable sales in the area and current market conditions. Their objective is to provide an unbiased assessment of the property's worth. The appraisal helps protect the buyer from overpaying for the house and ensures that the lender's investment is secured by an adequately valued asset.

7. Home Inspector

real estate inspector

A home inspector's job is to conduct a comprehensive inspection of the property to assess its condition and identify any potential issues or defects. They examine various aspects of the house, including its structure, electrical systems, plumbing, roofing and more. After the inspection, they provide a detailed report for you to share with your real estate agent outlining their findings.

If they discover significant issues, you and your real estate agent can negotiate with the seller for repairs or adjust the purchase price accordingly. The insights provided by a home inspector help buyers make informed decisions and potentially save them from future costly repairs or maintenance.

8. Real Estate Lawyer

A real estate lawyer is among the key parties involved in the house buying process. Their role is to provide legal advice and protect the buyer's interests throughout the transaction.

Some states in the U.S. require a lawyer to be part of the real estate transaction, while others don't. The states that do require a real estate attorney include:

  • Delaware
  • Georgia
  • Massachusetts
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina

9. Tax Advisor

Buying a house can have significant tax implications, and a tax advisor helps buyers understand and navigate these complexities.

A tax advisor can provide useful information on tax deductions and credits that may be available to homeowners, such as mortgage interest deductions, property tax deductions and energy-efficient home credits. They can help buyers optimize their tax benefits and ensure compliance with relevant tax laws.

10. Notary Signing Agent

A notary signing agent is usually involved during the closing process of buying a home. The agent is normally present to ensure the proper execution and notarization of important documents related to the purchase.

They verify the identity of the parties involved, witness the signing of documents and ensure that all necessary signatures and notarizations are completed correctly. Once everything is properly signed, the agent will sign them so that the state can accept them into the public record.

The Bottom Line

Buying a house involves multiple parties who each play important roles in the process. From real estate agents and mortgage lenders to tax advisors, each party contributes their expertise to ensure a smooth and successful transaction.

By understanding the functions of each party and working collaboratively, buyers can navigate the complexities of the home buying process with confidence, knowing that their interests are protected.

Bay Street Capital Holdings

Bay Street Capital Holdings

Bay Street Capital Holdings is a Black-owned independent investment advisory, wealth management, and financial planning firm headquartered in Palo Alto, CA. Founded by William Huston after 13 years of supporting the United States' largest retirement plan ($650B) Thrift Savings Plan, the firm manages portfolios with the goal of maintaining and increasing total assets and income with a high priority on managing total risk and volatility.

In 2021, William was recognized as Investopedia’s Top 100 Financial Advisors. In the same year, Bay Street was selected as a finalist out of over 900 firms across the US in the category of Asset Manager for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

In Scottsdale Arizona, Ekenna Anya-Gafu CFP, AAMS is recognized among the Best Financial Advisors for his responsiveness, friendliness, helpfulness and attention to detail. Bay Street was founded to advocate for diverse and emerging fund managers and entrepreneurs.








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